In the early 1800's, the area which is now known as Rains County was called Springville, due to the many natural springs in the area. In 1869, Senator Emory Rains helped survey and establish Rains county. In honor of his contributions to the area, the county seat, Emory, and the county itself were named for him. Senator Emory Rains was also known for his important legislation for the Homestead Law in 1839.
The city of Emory became the Senator’s home, and he and his wife raised 12 children here. Rains died at his home in Rains County on March 4, 1878, and was buried in the city cemetery. Rains County is also known as the birthplace of the Farmers Co-Operative and Educational Union of America, founded in 1904. The towns and communities that are a part of Rains County can be found by clicking this link.
More information about the history of Rains County can be found at The Handbook of Texas Online and the TxGenWeb Project.